Wahrān; Berber: ⵡⴻⵀ Wehran) is an important coastal city that is located in the north-west of Algeria.
It is considered the second most important city after the capital Algiers, due to its commercial, industrial, and cultural importance. The total population of the city was 759,645 in 2008 (2008 The name "Wahran" (Oran in Arabic) is derived from the Berber word "uharan" that means (two lions).
A legend says that in 900 AD, lions still lived in the area.
The Vichy government held Oran during World War II until its capture by the Allies in late 1942, during Operation Torch.
Before the Algerian War, 1954–1962, Oran had one of the highest proportions of Europeans of any city in North Africa.
In July 1962, after a ceasefire and accords with France, the FLN entered Oran and were shot at by a European.
Ottoman rule lasted until 1831, when it fell to the French.
During French rule over Algeria during the 19th and 20th centuries, Oran was the capital of a département of the same name (number 92).
In July 1940, the British navy shelled French warships in the port after they refused a British ultimatum to surrender; this action was taken to ensure the fleet would not fall into German hands, as the Nazis had defeated France and occupied Paris.The action increased the hatred of the Vichy regime for Britain but convinced the world that the British would fight on alone against Nazi Germany and its allies.During the Roman empire, a small settlement called Unica Colonia existed in the area of current Oran.but this settlement disappeared after the Arab conquest of the Maghreb.Present-day Oran was founded in 903 by Moorish Andalusi traders.It was captured by the Castilians under Cardinal Cisneros in 1509, and Spanish sovereignty lasted until 1708, when the city was conquered by the Ottomans. However, its value as a trading post had decreased greatly, so King Charles IV sold the city to the Turks in 1792.